The Devastating Civil War In Syria 

Syria’s civil war has been brutal, long and catastrophic for the country’s people

The war in Syria has been one of the longest civil wars in living memory. It’s so easy to get lost in the jargon with it because one of the most difficult episodes to come out of the war has been the refugee crisis shared with so many countries in the world. In Europe, the refugee crisis washed upon its shores unexpectedly and since then there has been a lot of engagement to end the problems that the crisis is fully poised to brew in European society. Approximately 4.7 million Syrians fled their country during the war, and a few million of them wish to be asylum seekers in Europe. Some Syrian refugees have sanctuary in Jordan, some are causing disruption to the lives of the people of Lebanon, few are snatching away the rights of the local population of Iraq and some are either earning hostility in Turkey from the local population or getting ignored in Greece. Lebanon is a poor country, it is a developing economy with fragile infrastructures and hard-to-find national resources, so it’s hard to imagine that they can properly support refugees. Similarly, Iraq is also a poor, developing country, which witnessed a war recently that has dislodged more than a million Iraqis and the refugees are placing that particular diaspora in grave turmoil. There is no humanitarian support or services-assistance, for refugees in Greece, and cultural pressures in Turkey are simmering for the refugees, which is so hard to fathom.

I have to admit it’s tough to look beyond these regional tensions in numerous countries but the civil war in Syria has invited the attention of both the West and Arab powers. The war began as a protest-movement against Bashar al-Assad’s government, and the civil war is a faction of the Arab Spring. Soon, Assad’s government chose to proceed with a violent crackdown on the protesters, which spurred rebel fighters to battle the government and also form a Free Syrian Army, somewhat. Since then, 220,000 Syrians have been brutally killed, out of which, half of them were only Syrians, not rebel fighters. There is widespread evidence of human rights violations in Syria, at the moment, and to point out: human rights seems to be of no concern to Syria, at all. Half of the Syrian population have been killed or displaced, and there are continuous reports of the use of chemical weapons in the war. Evidence points towards Assad’s government engaging in the use of chemical weapons to kill people, and that’s not all: certain countries believe it is acceptable to prop up the Assad government despite his very troubling humanitarian record during the Syrian civil war. Constant bombings have ripped apart over-populated towns in Syria, and many foreign fighters have been recruited into the IS to battle government forces, rebel fighters and the Kurdish army.

The first Western airstrikes came from a coalition led by the United States, to break apart the IS, and the idea was to not permit them to prove beneficial for Assad. The West backs the rebel fighters and it’s not surprising to see why because the war has stripped Syrians of food and medical aid, and captured towns see a lot of suffering from a lack of access to basic amenities. The point of the Russian airstrikes was to move the war in a different direction: it promised to strategically target and kill terrorists in Syria, but moved beyond that promise, and I must add, very wrongfully, killed Syrian civilians and Western-backed rebel fighters, instead. Eventually, the Russian airstrikes totally collapsed, paving the pathway to engagement in political talks that hopefully will not result in a stalemate. Politically, opposition groups, such as the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, are segregated and cannot manage to win over support at all even when they oppose Assad. Evidence of war crimes, meanwhile, has come from all parties in Syria and the civil war can also be looked upon as a means of the Sunni-dominating Syrian population, battling to win against the Shia-dominated government of Assad. Although, locally the sentiments are very negative, it is hoped that negotiations will result in a ceasefire, and also direct a roadmap to national peace in Syria.


Author: Osmi Anannya

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